Food & Water

How critical food & water can be to our survival. The following are things to consider when putting together your food supplies:

• Avoid foods that will make you thirsty. Choose salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content.

• Stock canned foods, dry mixes, and other staples that do not require refrigeration, cooking, water, or special preparation. You may already have many of these on hand.

Note: Be sure to include a manual can opener.  Small camping stove (propane, white gas, butane, or multi-fuel), lightweight cook set, and ignition source(matches, lighter, magnesium striker, etc) are also good to have on hand. 

• Be sure to include special dietary needs ( lactose free, gluten free, soy free, etc).

You may need to survive on your own after a disaster. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in suffi cient quantity to last for at least three days. Local offi cials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it might take days.

Water

How Much Water do I Need?

You should store at least one gallon of water per person per day. A normally active person needs at least one-half gallon of water daily just for drinking.

Additionally, in determining adequate quantities, take the following into account:

  • Individual needs vary, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate.
  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.
  • Very hot temperatures can double the amount of water needed.
  • A medical emergency might require additional water.

To prepare safest and most reliable emergency supply of water, it is recommended

How Should I Store Water?

If you purchase commercially bottled water. Keep bottled water in its original container and do not open it until you need to use it.

  • Observe the expiration or “use by” date.
  • Keep out of direct sunlight.
  • Store in dry cool location.

If you are preparing your own containers of water

  • It is recommended you purchase food-grade water storage containers from sur-plus or camping supplies stores to use for water storage.
  • Before fi lling with water, thoroughly clean the containers with dishwashing soap and water, and rinse completely so there is no residual soap.

  • Follow directions below on fi lling the container with water.

  • If you choose to use your own storage containers, choose two-liter plastic soft drink bottles – not plastic jugs or cardboard containers that have had milk or fruit juice in them. Milk protein and fruit sugars cannot be adequately removed from these containers and provide an environment for bacterial growth when water is stored in them. Cardboard containers also leak easily and are not designed for long-term storage of liquids. Also, do not use glass containers, because they can break and are heavy.

If storing water in plastic sodabottles, follow these steps

  • Thoroughly clean the bottles with dishwashing soap and water, and rinse completely so there is no residual soap.
  • Sanitize the bottles by adding a solution of 1 teaspoon of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach to a quart of water. Swish the sanitizing solution in the bottle so that it touches all surfaces. After sanitizing the bottle, thoroughly rinse out the sanitizing solution with clean water.

Filling water containers

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